IBM 701: The Commencement of International Business Machines and IBM Computers

ibm-pcThis period in the history of modern computers had brought us to a well-known name that most of us will have heard of. IBM means “International Business Machines”, the biggest computer company in the entire world today. When it comes to computers, IBM is the leader for the inventions.
The Background of IBM

IBM was incorporated in 1911 as a major producer of punch card tabulating machineries. Series of calculators were also built during the 1930s based on these punch card processing tools.
In the year 1944, IBM finally shared funds with Harvard University for the invention of Mark 1 computer, it was the first machine capable of automatic long calculations.
IBM 701, the General Purpose Computer was Developed

In the year 1953, IBM’s 701 EDPM was developed which was the first commercially successful general-purpose computer. Its invention was due to the Korean War effort. And its inventor, Thomas Johnson Watson, Jr. desired to contribute what he called a “defense calculator” to help in the UN’s policing of Korea.
One problem he needed to surpass was persuading his father, Thomas Johnson Watson Sr. (The CEP of IBM) that the new computer will not negatively affect IBM’s money-making punch card processing industry. These 701 computers were incompatible with IBM’s punched card processing tools, IBM’s huge money – maker.
There were only nineteen 701 computers were manufactured which could be rented for $15000/month. The first 701 departed to New York, it is the IBM’s world headquarters. All these 701s manufactured went to the following agencies:
• Atomic Research Laboratories – Three 701s
• Aircraft Companies – Eight 701s
• Other Research Facilities – Three 701s
• Government Agencies – Two 701s, included the first use of computer by US Department of Defense
• Navy – Two 701s
• US Weather Bureau – Received one 701 in early 1955

IBM’s 701 Features

The 701’s 1953 model had the following features:
1. Electrostatic storage tube memory.
2. Used magnetic tape to store information.
3. Binary, fixed-point, single address hardware.
4. A speed limited by the speeds of its memory; the processing units were approximately 10 times faster than with the core memory.
5. The 701 also led to the invention of FORTRAN, a programing language.

IBM’s 704 Computer Models

In the year 1965, 701 had been upgraded to 704 which was considered as an early super-computer and the first equipment that incorporated floating-point hardware. It used magnetic core memory which was faster and more dependable than the magnetic drum storage that can be found in the 701 models.

IBM’s 7090 Computer Models

Moreover, part of the 700 series was the IBM 7090 which was considered as the first commercial transistorized computer. It was built in 1960 and was the fastest computer in the entire world that time. IBM had therefore dominated the mainframe and mini-computer market for twenty years with its 700 series.

IBM’s 650 Computer Models

After the 700 series were released, IBM 650 EDPM was then developed. It’s a computer which was highly compatible with the earlier 600 calculator series. It has the same card processing peripherals like the earlier calculators which started the trend for loyal customers to make upgrades. The 650 computers were the IBM’s first mass-produced computers (60% discount were offered to the universities).
IBM’s PC Models

In the year 1981, IBM created its first personal home utility computer called IBM PC. It’s another milestone in the computer history.

Importance of Information Technology Management Degree Course

information technology degreeThose people looking to begin a career in information technology (IT) should take part in computer training courses; this training can also be beneficial to those who have already started a career in IT. IT is training helps trainees understand how their employers’ technology works interdependently with other aspects of business. All managers working in a company will also benefit from IT training because they will gain a firm grasp on how essential and new technologies can be used to the advantage of their employers.

Another major advantage associated with IT training is that it can help IT departments stay current on all new emerging technological advancements. Since technology remains in a state of constant change, IT departments need to know which applications they can use to help their employers perform operational tasks in a more efficient manner. Throughout IT training, students learn about RSS feeds, blogs, podcasts, and more. All these IT, topics should be mastered so that an IT department can help increase profit levels for its employer.

The information technology management degree training comes in many forms. From online training to conference and more, there is an IT training course available for everyone, no matter what their schedule may be. Employers enjoy it when their employees take part in this type of training because they benefit from being able to adapt better to new technologies. Not only can IT training help businesses gain a better understanding of technology, but it can also assist them in use that knowledge from a strategic standpoint. In doing so, businesses can make informed choices that are analyzed. These analyzed opportunities allow companies to follow paths that will enhance their operational processes not only in today’s economy but also in the economy of the future.

If any business has trouble collaborating on either an internal or external level or both, it should take part in information technology training courses. By doing so, a business can learn about user-friendly applications that allow for easy sharing of information within organizations as well as among other agencies. Learning how to work with applications can also help businesses find solutions to problems in ways that they never thought were possible. Managers can use IT training to not only learn about new technologies but also how to effectively integrate them into their employers’ infrastructures.

Both large and small companies need to partake of IT training, but larger ones especially find the practice advantageous. This is because large corporations often find it difficult to adapt their organizational structures in a way that allows for new technologies to be successfully integrated within. IT training can give managers unique perspectives on how to persuade their employers that new technologies need to be used. For smaller businesses, IT training is beneficial because system administrators can learn how to integrate helpful but affordable technologies into their operational structures.

All managers within an organization should do their best to be proactive in the way their employers handle IT tasks. IT training is an excellent way to begin this proactive approach, and it is also an excellent way to ensure that the right types of technologies are being used inside organizations. Using the right technology helps to enhance revenue levels, reduce operational expenses, meet organizational goals, and much more.

A Wearable Windows Computer- Microsoft’s HoloLens


Microsoft, as we all know, is the top player when it comes to computer technology industry and they never stop in innovating and coming up with other possible technologies that they can integrate in our today’s computers.

As the technology advances, virtual reality has gained momentum for the last few years and several companies have already developed their brand of virtual reality gets such as the glasses, consoles as well as the games that will be offered to the consumer.

Microsoft has no intentions of falling behind as they are now developing their own. However, it’s not a simple virtual reality glasses as they introduce the augmented- reality glasses called HoloLens. Though it’s still not available in the market, many people are now anticipating for the product’s release.

HoloLens is being run using a 32- bit Intel Atom Processor as well as a customized HPU or Holographic Processing Unit specially made by Microsoft for this specific glasses. Using the HoloLens’ HPU, the glasses gather data from its depth camera, inertial measurement unit and four spatial- mapping cameras to generate a three- dimensional model of the user’s surroundings. Together with this HoloLens, Microsoft releases holographic apps that can be used with the glasses.

HoloLens runs in Windows 10 operating system which makes it basically a computer that you can wear. However, Microsoft is still working on its structure, which is wearable, to avoid compromising its battery power. Also, the company is working on how will they control the heat being emitted by the glasses to avoid user’s discomfort.

The initial controls of the HoloLens are hand gesture which is equivalent to clicking on Start button, cursor being controlled by where you look or point your sight, and a finger gesture controls the clicking. Siri’s Windows counterpart, Cortana, is also present in the glasses though it’s not advisable to rely on her in replacing other gesture controls.

Different hologram apps are now available even though the glasses are not yet released in the market. For example, Skype for HoloLens is an app that lets the user see the person’s drawings on the other line as holographic images. There are also three games that the user can try and if the HoloLens become more developed as well as the games intended for it, we can all turn our living room into the video game environment. How cool is that?!

Microsoft’s HoloLens still has a long way to go to development but we can expect a great deal of improvement in the next coming months. Most importantly, being able to use a device that can project hologram images which can be manipulated and integrated in our daily lives is no simple technology. Imagine putting a hologram on your window and you can move around your room and when get back to your window, it’s still there. Amazing, right?

Others may think that Microsoft’s project is quite ambitious but as of today’s technologies and developments to come, it’s not impossible actually and if their project becomes a success, we can expect HoloLens to hit the computer technology hit like a storm. Who wouldn’t want a computer that you can wear?



MMS 2009 provides the best possible opportunity to learn about the latest IT Management products, solutions and technologies from Microsoft and how to apply them in your organization. This year the topics will focus on how integrated solutions can help to lower costs and increase efficiency while maximizing availability.

Physical Virtual Powerful

The theme of Microsoft Management Summit is Physical – Virtual – Powerful, reflecting how integrated management of both physical and virtual environments, across the data center and on the desktop, can lead to powerful yet cost-effective solutions.

Sessions will also show how System Center products and solutions can help you capture and aggregate knowledge about your infrastructure, policies, processes and best practices to build manageable systems and automate operations in order to reduce costs, improve application availability and enhance service delivery.

One area of focus at MMS 2009 will be how to apply virtualization techniques within existing IT implementations with demonstrations of how such solutions can be deployed, configured and managed effectively. Managing the deployment and configuration phases of such initiatives will be discussed with an emphasis on the efficiency gained through optimal virtualization design.

Learn from the Experts

The sessions at MMS 2009 will again be presented by the top experts in the Windows IT Management. Staff from the Microsoft product teams representing the System Center, Windows Server, Windows Client, Security and Solution Accelerator teams will be covering the latest releases, updates and solutions available for IT Management.

In addition many industry experts and consultants will be presenting the latest best practices and real-world tips and tricks they have developed on customer sites. This includes topics presented by the internal Microsoft IT team, who are typically the first to deploy and manage all Microsoft IT solutions in a live environment.

Finally, you will also be able to hear from your peers – other members of the IT community who have advice, real world lessons and powerful shortcuts to share. Customers actively using Microsoft products to manage their IT environment will be presenting real-world case studies based on their own experiences.

Hands-on Labs

Hands-on Labs, always one of the most popular offerings at MMS, return with even more topics in 2009. Once again a wide range of self-paced and instructor-led lab topics will be provided, allowing attendees to try out a variety of products, solutions and technologies live. Lab topics will cover scenarios such as deployment, upgrade, configuration and administration across a wide range of environments.

This year new lab topics are being added to demonstrate how to integrate multiple products to implement solution scenarios such as “Data Protection and Disaster Recovery” and “End-Point Security Management”.

System Center Solution Scenarios

Some of the solutions enabled by System Center products which will be described in detail during sessions and labs at MMS 2009 will include:

Solutions for Dynamic Datacenters

  • Configuration Management
  • Server Compliance
  • End-to-End Monitoring
  • Data Protection and Recovery
Solutions for Dynamic Desktops

  • Adaptive Application Delivery
  • Client Infrastructure Monitoring
  • End-Point Security Management
  • Simplified Windows Vista Deployment
  • Remote PC Diagnostic and Repair
  • Configuration Compliance
Solutions for Managing Microsoft Applications

  • Optimizing SharePoint
  • SQL Server Management
  • Windows Server Management
Solutions to Optimize and Secure Your Core Infrastructure
Learn how you can optimize and better secure your core infrastructure with integrated management and security solutions from Microsoft that reduce system complexity to help control costs, improve service levels, and increase business agility.

Current and Future Product Coverage

Microsoft Management Products and Technologies which will be covered by topics during MMS 2009 include:

  • System Center Capacity Planner
  • System Center Configuration Manager 2007
  • System Center Essentials 2007
  • System Center Data Protection Manager 2007
  • System Center Mobile Device Manager 2008
  • System Center Operations Manager 2007
  • System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2007
  • Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack for SA (MDOP) including:
  • System Center Configuration Manager 2007 SP2
  • System Center Configuration Manager 2007 R2
  • System Center Operations Manager 2007 R2
  • System Center Service Manager

Management Technologies and Solution Accelerator Topics

The content at MMS 2009 will also include topics covering a number of Microsoft’s existing management technologies and Solution Accelerators.:

Management Technologies
These topics cover critical management components delivered as part of the Windows platform, providing key management services.

  • Windows Server Update Services 3.0
  • Windows PowerShell
  • Windows Installer
  • Windows Server Manager
  • WMI / WinRM / WS-Management
Solution Accelerators
Microsoft Solution Accelerators are free, authoritative resources designed to help IT Professionals proactively plan, integrate, and operate IT systems.

  • Desktop Accelerator Suite
  • Server Accelerator Suite
  • Virtualization Accelerator Suite
  • Security Accelerator Suite
  • IT Compliance & Governance Accelerator Suite
  • Collaboration Accelerator Suite

Heterogeneous Management Topics

Given the broadly heterogeneous nature of today’s IT space, cross-platform and cross-vendor management is also critical to managing the environment effectively. Consequently, a number of sessions during MMS 2009 will focus on:

  • Management of Linux, *nix and mobile platforms
  • Management of server and desktop hardware
  • Management of the network infrastructure
  • Integration between System Center management products and other commonly deployed management consoles